Procedural Benchmarks for Common Fabrication Details in Plate/Shell Structures
It was anticipated that the unique forum provided by FENET would
provide an excellent basis for these studies. As part of this work
package, three ‘procedural benchmarks’ were developed
to reflect some of the modelling issues relevant to fabricated
structures. These benchmarks and selected reference solutions, will
provide a worthwhile educational resource. The benchmarks also
formed the basis of the ‘round robin’ exercise. While
the benchmarks have many of the characteristics of traditional
benchmarks, they differ in that they are designed to focus on some
of the modelling issues that analysts are faced with and the
various procedures adopted in the analysis and assessment process.
Section 1 of the report provides a brief overview of the various workshops involved in this study, as well as some background to the topic area. The specifications for the Procedural Benchmarks and pro-forma results forms are presented in section 2. These should provide a useful reference for any organisation intending to use them as part of, say, a staff development programme. Observations from the ‘round robin’ are included in section 3 and these detail some surprising results. In the first two benchmarks about half of the respondents provided results which suggested that they had made modelling errors. In the third example, only two out of ten respondents realised that this is a nonlinear geometric problem. Whilst some contributions were no-doubt completed under time pressure, it can be argued that this is a reflection of the everyday industrial environment for many engineers. The resulting levels of human error and lack of results checking, for what some might regard as simple case studies, must be of wider interest and concern. The general spread of results arising from the different modelling and assessment strategies should also be of interest. The outcomes certainly confirm the ongoing role that organisations such as NAFEMS have, in ensuring quality and promoting the education and development of analysts and engineers. Hopefully the educational and quality implications from the study will provide some impetus to general activity in this area. It is interesting to reflect on the fact that the same exercise and same general conclusions, could probably have been made 30 years ago.
Selected reference solutions for the benchmarks are presented in sections 4-6 and these include an examination of the main issues identified in the benchmarks. The main issues selected for examination were:
- The modelling and assessment of intersections;
- The modelling of reinforcement plates;
- The modelling of offset shell midsurfaces.
All of the details include welds and the modelling and fatigue assessment of these are obviously an integral part of the whole exercise. Assessment of the results from the benchmarks was made according to various industry standards and this is also reported. The appendices to this report, provides some useful background reference material on the modelling of welds and also some interesting observations on the modelling of plate/shell intersections.
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State of the Art Review -Weld Simulation Using Finite Element Methods
FEM Idealisation of Joints
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First Published - March 2005
Softback Report - 66 Pages